New York City
Course Code & Name
New York City
As a human service leader, I am interested in working in New York City (NYC). NYC, officially known as the City of New York, is a port and a metropolis located at the mouth of the Hudson River, the Northeastern part of the United States, and the Southeastern part of New York State. This state is the largest and most influential United States metropolis, encompassing a massive landmass covering Manhattan, the Staten islands, a section of the New York state’s mainland in the North of Manhattan, and some portions of Long Island. In this regard, NYC is a collection of various neighborhoods amalgamated to form the most ethnically diverse city in America. The City of New York traces its roots from a trading post founded by the Dutch colonists at the Southern Tip of Manhattan circa 1626 (The Library of Congress, n.d.) Since its discovery in the 1600s, NYC has flourished, becoming the most populous city in America.
As aforementioned, NYC is the most populous metropolitan in the United States. According to data from the World Population Review (2021), the City of New York had a population of 8,230,290, making it the largest city in the state of New York and the United States in general. Besides that, NYC has the highest population density among all the U.S. states, with an estimated 27000 people per square mile (NYC Planning, n.d.). Due to its high population, NYC contributes to a significant part of the total U.S. population, with 1 in every 38 Americans living in New York (NYC Planning, n.d.). As mentioned earlier, the City of New York is inhabited by culturally diverse populations. According to the (U.S Census Bureau) n.d., the White population accounts for 42.7% of the total NYC population, Black or African Americans being 24.3%, American Indian and Alaska Natives 0.4%, Asian alone 14.1%, and Hispanic or Latino being 29.1%. Due to the diverse cultural heritage of New York, religion in the City is diverse, consisting of Christian, unaffiliated, and non-Christian faiths. Christians account for 59% of the total NYC population, with Catholics being 33%, evangelical protestants (9%), Mainline Protestant (8%), historically Black Protestant (6%) and Mormon, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Orthodox Christian, each having a 1% representation (Pew Research Center, n.d.).Jewish faith accounts for 8%, Muslim 3%, Buddhist 1%, Hindu 3%, and Atheist and Agnostic being 4% each (Pew Research Center, n.d.). The government of NYC ensures that its citizens are provided with essential services through collaboration with the State government.
The City of New York’s local government consists of three branches: the executive, legislative, and judiciary. The executive consists of the Mayor’s office and Presidents of each of the City’s five Boroughs, including Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island Borough (Baruch College, n.d.). Besides that, the executive branch entails the City’s Comptroller, Public Advocate, and the Independent Budget Office (Baruch College, n.d.). The current Mayor of NYC is Eric L. Adams. Prior to assuming his office as the City’s Mayor, Adams served NYC as an NYPD officer, a Brooklyn President, and the State’s Senator (City of New York, n.d.). On the other hand, the legislative branch consists of the NYC Council, while the judicial branch consists of District Attorneys and the NYC Courts (Baruch College, n.d.). However, despite the City’s government striving to offer its citizens better services, the people of NYC face diverse challenges. Some of the primary challenges facing the people of NYC are discussed below.
Among the pressing issues in NYC is poverty. The cost of living in America is significantly rising from year to year, requiring Americans to have a considerable income to lead a decent living in the United States. However, in NYC, many of its residents face prevalent poverty. Data from the Center for NYC Affairs indicates that approximately 50% of NYC’s households are considered poor or at the risk of transiting into poverty (Center for New York City Affairs, n.d.). Murphy (2020) estimates that in 2019, about 16% of the NYC residents lived below the federal poverty lines, indicating the prevalence of poverty in NYC, exposing its residents to a low-quality life. Besides poverty, gentrification is a major pressing issue in NYC. While some low-income neighborhoods are stable, the Urban Displacement Project estimates that about a fifth of NYC’s low-income areas is experiencing gentrification. When residents in most NYC areas are displaced, they have few areas to move to since gentrification is prevalent in the city, exposing them to the high cost of living in the newly gentrified neighborhoods.
Besides, homelessness in NYC is rising from the housing crisis due to increasing rents. Besides poverty and gentrification, unemployment is a significant problem in NYC. According to data from the U.S Census Bureau, in 2019, the employment rate in NYC was 59.6%, leaving a large number of the city’s residents to bear the adverse implications of unemployment (U.S Census Bureau, n.d.). Therefore, NYC is faced with poverty, gentrification, and unemployment as its primary pressing issues. However, other problems such as environmental pollution, healthcare underinsurance, and racism present significant challenges to the people of NYC.
Websites and the Community’s Information Needs
Access to information is equated to a fundamental human right in developed nations in the modern digital age. In this regard, NYC’s information market has expanded to offer news and other types of information to the city’s residents. In NYC, the major websites that deliver news to the city’s residents include the Wall Street Journal, the New York Post, the New York Times, and New York Daily News. However, these websites have not been effective in serving the information needs of NYC as most of them are subscription-based, limiting users to a few free articles. Thus, to better serve the people of NYC, these websites should implement a free model of delivering content, deviating from the subscription-based model to a large number of low-income individuals in NYC. In this case, a majority of the low-income residents of NYC shall be able to afford to access basic information concerning their city, state, or America as a whole, ensuring that they are well informed in the local and international news in the modern globalized society.
Baruch College. (n.d.). New York City (NYC) Governmental structure. Baruch College -. https://www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/nyc-government/index.html
Center for New York City Affairs. (n.d.). Inequality & poverty. https://www.centernyc.org/inequality-poverty
City of New York. (n.d.). Eric L. Adams: 110th Mayor of New York City. https://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/index.page
The Library of Congress. (n.d.). Today in history: Early Manhattan. https://www.loc.gov/item/today-in-history/may-04/
Murphy, J. (2020). The good news on NYC poverty is old news, which is bad news. City Limits. https://citylimits.org/2020/09/21/the-good-news-on-nyc-poverty-is-old-news-which-is-bad-news/
NYC Planning. (n.d.). Planning-New York Population. City of New York: Department of City Planning. https://www1.nyc.gov/site/planning/planning-level/nyc-population/population-facts.page
Pew Research Center. (n.d.). Adults in the New York City metro area. https://www.pewforum.org/religious-landscape-study/metro-area/new-york-city-metro-area/
U.S Census Bureau. (n.d.). New York city, New York. https://data.census.gov/cedsci/profile?g=1600000US3651000
U.S Census Bureau. (n.d.). U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: New York City, New York. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/newyorkcitynewyork