BE425 2019 Exam Paper – Indicative Answers

BE425 2019 Exam Paper – Indicative Answers

Question One 

What is meant by research ethics? Using examples, describe the main principles of ethical research? Using examples, when undertaking research, are there specific kinds of research subjects that require more care than others and why?

72% and above – The answer will be clearly written and well structured, and include appropriate academic references. Research ethics will be clearly defined, with a range of moral and ethical positions described. They will set out using examples the main four ethical principles, possibly including further principles, explaining the significance and importance of each. There will be an extensive description of at-risk groups including what makes them at risk, with stronger answers giving detail as to what concerns each specifically and possibly what they all have in common.

62% – 68% – These should demonstrate a solid understanding of the concept of ethics and the main principles of ethical research. The significance of each of the principles will be detailed, with stronger answers setting out what they have in common. The essay will be well structured using clear language. The discussion should normally include supporting evidence in the form of appropriate academic citations.

52% – 58% – Will demonstrate a reasonable understanding of ethics and ethical principles, and will be able to list some at risk groups with some detail as to why they are at risk. The use of examples for will be reasonable and understandable. Essay structure and language may still be somewhat problematic, while stronger answers within the grade may introduce limited citations of academic and non-academic sources.

42% – 48% – Will have a tendency to be basic descriptive answers that will elaborate some account of ethics and some ethical principles, but not all. The use of examples will be poor in terms of accuracy, clarity, or appropriateness. Answers are likely to lack depth and analysis, lack references and/or have references which are inappropriate or do not inspire confidence. The structure of the discussion will tend to be very poor.

38% and below – Fail to answer the question or may show a flawed or incorrect understanding. Essays lack coherence and overall structure.

Question Two 

Using examples to illustrate your answer, contrast two qualitative methods of your choosing, outlining their various strengths and weakness and research methods. Describe the kinds of research questions and problems each would be suitable for, and what kinds of data they would produce. How would you go about analysing the data produced by each method?

72% and above – The answer will be clearly written, use solid examples and well structured, and include appropriate academic references. They will provide good detail of the specifics of two qualitative methods, their strengths and weaknesses, and will demonstrate a solid grasp of the differences or similarities between the two methods. They will be able to clearly connect the research problems to methods, and detail the data produced by each method, contrasting the two. Strong answers will have a good discussion of various approaches to analysing the two kinds of data.

62% – 68% – These should demonstrate a solid understanding of two qualitative research methods, and be able to provide detail of their strengths and weaknesses. They will contrast the two methods, with some understanding of the differences or similarities between the two. They will be able to connect the methods to research problems, and outline the data produced by each method. The essay will be well structured using clear language. The discussion should normally include supporting evidence in the form of appropriate academic citations.

52% – 58% – Will demonstrate a reasonable understanding two qualitative research methods, and will be able to list some of their strengths and weaknesses. The use of examples for will be reasonable and understandable. Essay structure and language may still be somewhat problematic, while stronger answers within the grade may introduce limited citations of academic and non-academic sources.

42% – 48% – Will have a tendency to be basic descriptive answers that will elaborate one or two research methods, and the kinds of data they produce. The use of examples will be poor in terms of accuracy, clarity, or appropriateness. Answers are likely to lack depth and analysis, lack references and/or have references which are inappropriate or do not inspire confidence. The structure of the discussion will tend to be very poor.

38% and below – Fail to answer the question or may show a flawed or incorrect understanding. Essays lack coherence and overall structure.

Question Three 

You have been contracted to conduct a survey for the NHS looking at the performance of a customer satisfaction with the A & E or accident and emergencies department. Describe how you would go about designing the survey. What structure would the questionnaire have, and how would it be undertaken? What kinds of questions would you have and how would you measure the results? What are some of the issues to look out for when designing the survey, and what are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using questionnaires as research devices?

72% and above – The answer will be clearly written, use solid examples and well structured, and include appropriate academic references. It will outline what a questionnaire is, discussing the various advantages and disadvantages of using questionnaires. Stronger answers will discuss the possible ways in which questionnaires can be badly used. They will set out what needs to be taken into account when designing questionnaires, demonstrating some awareness for the need for reflexivity. They will, using examples, set out the kids of questions they would use and why and the kinds of data they would expect to collect, as well as how they would go about analyse the data and organise the results. Stronger answers will include some discussion of participant engagement, and how to recruit and motivate participants.

62% – 68% – These should demonstrate a solid understanding of the issues surrounding questionnaire construction, including some of the advantages and disadvantages of using questionnaires. They will set out how they would design the questionnaire, what questions they would use with some discussion as to why, as well as how they would analyse the data. The essay will be well structured using clear language. The discussion should normally include supporting evidence in the form of appropriate academic citations.

52% – 58% – Will demonstrate a reasonable understanding of some of the issues surrounding questionnaire construction, and may list some of the advantages and disadvantages of using questionnaires. There will be some discussion of the kids of questions used, as well as some engagement with how the data collected would be organised. The use of examples for will be reasonable and understandable. Essay structure and language may still be somewhat problematic, while stronger answers within the grade may introduce limited citations of academic and non-academic sources.

42% – 48% – Will have a tendency to be basic descriptive answers that will outline what a questionnaire is, give some examples of the kinds of questions to be used, possible including some rationale as to why, and possibly a basic discussion of how the results will be organised and analysed. The use of examples will be poor in terms of accuracy, clarity, or appropriateness. Answers are likely to lack depth and analysis, lack references and/or have references which are inappropriate or do not inspire confidence. The structure of the discussion will tend to be very poor.

38% and below – Fail to answer the question or may show a flawed or incorrect understanding. Essays lack coherence and overall structure.

Question Four 

What is meant by ‘research’ and what are the main approaches to undertaking academic social science research? Using examples, contrast the main types of research methods, indicating what their various strengths and weaknesses are. Indicate what sorts of research problems each is best suited to engage with.

72% and above – These answers will demonstrate a nuanced understanding of the concept of research, and using examples will contrast different understandings of the concept research. Stronger answers will engage discuss reflexivity and possibly knowledge as concepts. Using clear examples, they will set out the main approaches, discussing the differences between them in terms of technique, data and understandings of knowledge and possibly the nature of the world, and their strengths and weaknesses. There will be a discussion of the sorts of problems they are well suited to address, possibly noting the sorts of problems they are less suited for. The answer will be clearly written, use solid examples and well structured, and include appropriate academic references.

62% – 68% – These should demonstrate a solid understanding of the concept of research, as well as the three main approaches to undertaking it, using examples to illustrate each. There will be some discussion of the sorts of data they produce, and the differences between them, as well as the sorts of problems they can be used to address. The essay will be well structured using clear language. The discussion should normally include supporting evidence in the form of appropriate academic citations. Stronger answers will include some discussion of reflexivity.

52% – 58% – Will demonstrate a reasonable understanding of the concept of research, as well as the three main approaches to undertaking it. The use of examples for will be reasonable and understandable. Essay structure and language may still be somewhat problematic, while stronger answers within the grade may introduce limited citations of academic and non-academic sources.

42% – 48% – Will have a tendency to be basic descriptive answers that will describe the concept of research in a somewhat one-dimensional manner. Some, but possibly not all, of the main approaches to research will be listed (quantitative and qualitative). The use of examples will be poor in terms of accuracy, clarity, or appropriateness. Answers are likely to lack depth and analysis, lack references and/or have references which are inappropriate or do not inspire confidence. The structure of the discussion will tend to be very poor.

38% and below – Fail to answer the question or may show a flawed or incorrect understanding. Essays lack coherence and overall structure.