Piaget’s theory plays an essential role in describing the stages in which children undergo to reach a full human intelligence. This model provides four stage which includes sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. Based on the video, the children advocated in this video are in third stage which is a concrete operational stage of 7-11 years of age (Babakr, Mohamedamin & Kakamad, 2019). This is because most of the children described in the video use inductive reasoning which helps in building a concrete operational mental structure. For instance, many children were able to presume that murder is not en ethical thing in the society and were worried about the death of Martin Luther. Therefore, this study evaluates the Piaget’s theory in regard to the frontline video.
How do you see self-fulfilling prophecy and learned helplessness portrayed in this video?
According to the video, Jane Elliot portrayed a generosity by giving all what she had possessed with an aim of widening diversification knowledge on how to curtail racism among the children in school. The prophesy is however fulfilled on a section of the children who had the idea of the eye of storm concept that states that people with blue and brown eyes are equal and should be treated with equally without any form of discrimination. However, the learning did not showcase much help since many people didn’t have the access to information and hence the chances of them of practicing racism is high. For instance, in the video, one of the Elliot’s student was teased when she played with another black student. This action made the blackstudent feel bad due to discrimination portrayed against her.
How was the self-esteem of the children affected by participating in this study?
The participation of the children in this study affected greatly their self-esteem. For instance, most of the children’s self-esteem reduced since brown eye children were subjected to discriminatory acts and were considered to be inferior as compared to the blue eye children. In the second experiment, the teacher interchanged the children and assigned blue eyes those whohad brown eyes initially. This in turn ignited conflict and prejudice among the children and hence lowering their self-esteem. However, upon understanding the relevance of the study, the children started to understand that they are equal to each other regardless of their color and race. This in turn increased their self-esteem. Due to this, the children were able to study together happily which in turn necessitated increase of their score.
Why do you think the children’s test scores rose after participating in this experiment?
One of the factor that made the children’s test score to rose was due to repeat of the experiment. The second experiment saw the children interacting the eye colors and understood that everyone is equal to each other and hence should be treated fairly and equally. Second, the children were able to study and learn together happily. This was due to the fact that many children understood that the experiment was just for learning purposes and it wasn’t meant to discriminate anyone. Their cordial relationship was regained again, their self-esteem improvedand hence they were able to concentrate on their studies. The children could also help each other without prejudice which in turn necessitated the increase of their test score.
How can you use Piaget’s theory and Kohlberg’s theory to explain the adult and children’s behavior during this study?
Piaget’s theory asserts that children pass through four significant stages of mental development from childhood to adulthood. This theory focus on understanding how children can acquire knowledge and how to nature their intelligence. On the other hand, Kohlberg’s theoryfocus on how children develop morality and moral reasoning. This theory argues that moral development takes place in three levels of moral reasoning which includes pre-conventional, conventional and post conventional reasoning (Walker, 2020). The personal development involves different stages where children reacts in accordance on how they are taught by their parents and teachers. Based on the video, many children responded positively based on the content they were taught by Elliot. This can also be observed by the adult green collection facility when Elliot paid them a visit during training. As part of the society, I can apply both Piaget’s theory and Kohlberg’s theory by teaching children and adults using an experiment that comprise of a positive impact. This is because they will be able to react to these teaching until their old age even at the work place.
Which theory (theories) of personality can help us understand the students’ behavior in this video? Find at least one resource to support your answer.
One of the theories of personality that can help student’s behavior in this video is Allport’s theory. This theory argues that the uniqueness of the people and the internal cognitive and motivational processes that influences their behavior (Ford, 2013). The theory also assets that biological personality is influenced mostly by birth and the surrounding experience. Based on the video, it can be noted that children inherited actions from their teachers and parents. For instance, white children hate their black counterparts due to the myths and bad perception from their parents. Upon various briefings and experiments, Jane Elliot was able to motivate the children and convinced them that they should treat each other fairly and equally as everyone is equal regardless of their color and race.
It can be noted that parents and teachers plays a great role in enhancing cognitive development of children and their mental status. Based on the video, the experiment conducted by the teacher regarding brown and blue eyes ignited a hatred and discriminatory actions among the children. However a lengthy discussion between the teacher and children, the children were able to understand the importance of treating each one fairly and equally and observing cohesion and good relationship which in turn can improve their score test.
Babakr, Z. H., Mohamedamin, P., & Kakamad, K. (2019). Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory: Critical Review. Education Quarterly Reviews, 2(3), 517-524.
Ford, D. Y. (2013). Multicultural issues: Gifted underrepresentation and prejudice—learningfrom Allport and Merton. Gifted Child Today, 36(1), 62-67.
Walker, L. J. (2020). The character of character: The 2019 Kohlberg memorial lecture. Journal of Moral Education, 49(4), 381-395.