Discussion Responses

Discussion Reponses Needed

150-200 words each (3 post total)


Response #1

3. The papers are written by different authors, in markedly different styles. Can you identify what makes these papers “academic” (other than the fact that they are all published in reputable journals)? How do these papers differ from newspaper articles or blogs (that might or might not be written by experts)?

4. What adds credibility to these papers? What makes published papers an academic/scholarly resource as compared to sources like Wall Street Journal, Wikipedia, Investopedia, blogs, etc.?

The following provides my response to both questions:

In observing each of the three papers, it is noted that the differences in style and approach vary between each group of authors. Still, these papers are deemed as “academic works” through which they each meet the criteria to be accepted as such via the peer review process (Cornell University, 2021). Through this process, articles are examined by multiple other scholars, experts, or academic peers to be reviewed and commented on. Once these reviews agree to the validity and contribution to a field of research then they may be published and deemed as scholarly. Moreover, peer reviewed articles (like these) differ than sources collected from news or general interest pieces as they are not written by members of editorial staff or freelance writers (Cornell University, 2021). Per Cornell University (2021), these types of editorials or contributions to a topic generally are written with no specialty assumed and are written with the purpose of providing general information to appeal to a broad audience of concerned citizens.


5. What does this essay exercise teach you in terms of your own writing style, your own approach to research, and what improvements in your style/approach would help you become a better writer?

This essay exercise is teaching me (as I have not completed my essay) that my writing style is subject to change. One thing I learned is that there are many approach styles and each is dictated based on the purpose of the research being conducted. In evaluating each of the three articles, I found that though each article is similar in the field of study the motivation for the research leads the authors to present their research in a way that supports their purpose. For example, one work is presented as case study evaluation, the second was an exploration of a research question, and the third was an expansion of research for supportive information that is presented in the form of a literature review. As such, I observed different ways to present Headings, Abstracts, and Contextual Support. Moving forward, this exposure to different writing styles will help me better organize and tailor my own work for my intended audience. Any thoughts?



Cornell University . (n.d.). Distinguishing scholarly from non-scholarly periodicals: A checklist of criteria: News & general interest. LibGuides. Retrieved September 14, 2021, from https://guides.library.cornell.edu/scholarlyjournals/news.

Response #2

1. Which of the three papers appeals the most to you, and why?

The paper that appealed to me the most was “The Role of IT Competences in gaining value from e-business” (Ashurst et al., 2011). The reason is that the authors explore other theories of e-business and its evolution throughout the years. For example, during the dot.com bust in 2000, many e-businesses did fail, and others did have to change their IT strategy to stay relevant. In their table, the authors show that in 2003 SQL was added, along with customer relationship management systems, to integrate and access consumer data. However, like in the case study, e-businesses had to outsource coding because it was beyond their employee’s capabilities, which we still face today. It was an interesting case to me

Ashurst, C., Cragg, P., & Herring, P. (2011). The role of IT competences in gaining value from e-business: An SME case study. International Small Business Journal: Researching Entrepreneurship30(6), 640–658. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266242610375703

Response #3

1. Which of the three papers appeals the most to you, and why?

The case study is the paper that I can relate to in comparison to the others. I possess a more analytical mind that seeks out issues or problems and proceeds to identify the best process to finding a solution. The format of a case study involves an introduction of the issue. The case study, The role of IT competences in gaining value from e-business: An SME case study, seeks to identify how IT competencies can affect e-business growth for SMEs (Ashurst, Cragg & Herring, 2011).  The study then identifies the proper data to be gathered and how it will be analyzed. The authors defined different areas of IT competencies that are used as a measuring tool.  A few of those include leadership, relationship-building, architecture-planning and vendor development (Ashurst, Cragg & Herring, 2011). Other pieces of a case study are the conclusion of the outcomes and any recommendations and how they can be implemented. I see it as putting a puzzle together and watching how the picture comes together when all the pieces fit.


Ashurst, C., Cragg, P., & Herring, P. (2011). The role of IT competences in gaining value from e-business: An SME case study. International Small Business Journal: Researching Entrepreneurship, 30(6), 640–658. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266242610375703