Document Analysis. HISTORY 1700

Document Analysis

The purpose of the “Document Analysis” assignments is to help you to practice making evidence based arguments about history. There is a brief introduction to each prompt. Chose a topic that interests you. Take time to carefully study each of the sources given, keeping in mind what you might want to argue and sources that support your argument. Then write. The document analysis should be between 2-3 pages, typed and double spaced. There is no need to include a title page or section for your name and class information since Canvas keeps track of that. Focus your analysis on the content, which needs to include a clear thesis statement, evidence and facts that support the thesis, proper citation and a conclusion that summarizes your argument.

Answer only one question from one of the prompts. Be sure to type the question you are answering above your response. The first paragraph should clearly state your position and 2-3 points you intend to discuss as support for your position. The paragraphs that follow should be a discussion of your main points and should include an analysis (an explanation of how and why these points support your position) of the facts and referencing of the sources. Be sure to cite your references, from the prompt and the course text, within your your document (not at the end). The last paragraph (the conclusion) should be a summation of the points that support your position.

Be sure to see the rubric below for grading details.

Prompt 1

Since the founding of the nation in 1787 women in American have essentially been treated as “second class citizens” meaning they did not have the same status, or the same economic and political opportunities as men. As you read the following documents consider what factors may have led to women becoming more outspoken about their lack of equality during the Antebellum period and want demands they made to secure that equality.

From Antislavery to Women’s Rights 1838; Angelina Grimke (Links to an external site.)

A Fourierist Newspaper Criticizes The Nuclear Family 1844 (Links to an external site.)

Woman in the Nineteenth Century 1845; Margaret Fuller (Links to an external site.)

The Rights and the Condition of Women 1846; Samuel J. May (Links to an external site.)

Seneca Falls Declaration 1848; Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Links to an external site.)

“Ain’t I a Woman? 1851; Sojourner Truth (Links to an external site.)”

1. Women in 19th century America have been described as “domestic household slaves” referring to their status in society. From the documents, what is the evidence?

2. From the Seneca Falls document, what grievances have not been addressed and explain why.

Prompt 2

The institution of slavery in America seems to be a direct contradiction of the principles of the Declaration of Independence and Constitution which implied that “all men were created equal”. It was said that at the Constitutional Convention that “slavery was a coiled serpent” lurking under the table. The following documents provide a time-line of the evolution of slavery in the United States and demonstrate the growing differences between the North and South over the institution. As you read these documents note the date and geographic origin of the author of the document. Also note the tone/theme of the documents with regard to economics, labor, racial inferiority, etc.

A Bill Concerning Slaves 1779; Thomas Jefferson (Links to an external site.)

Slavery in Post-Revolutionary America 1784; James Pemberton (Links to an external site.)

John Adams and Slavery 1785; John Adams (Links to an external site.)

The Constitution: A Pro-Slavery Document 1787 (Links to an external site.)

Fugitive Slave Law 1793 (Links to an external site.)

Slavery and Race in Jeffersonian America 1801; John Adams (Links to an external site.)

Slavery in the Early Republic 1804; William Few (Links to an external site.)

Slavery in the Early Republic 1804; John Quincy Adams (Links to an external site.)

Slavery and Sectionalism 1824; James Monroe (Links to an external site.)

Letter to Lydia Sigourney on Slavery 1824; Thomas Jefferson (Links to an external site.)

Franklin Pierce on Slavery 1838; Franklin Pierce (Links to an external site.)

1. What do the documents reveal about the difficulty of abolishing slavery or allowing it to exist? Cite evidence from the documents.

2. From the document “The Constitution: A Pro-Slavery Document 1787″, was the Constitution a pro-slavery document? What is the evidence to support this argument? What is the evidence to refute this claim?

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