F_Glo – Globalisation Final Essay Guide

F_Glo – Globalisation Final Essay Guide



Students are required to answer one of the essay questions below, using between 1,800 and 2,000 words. The essay may exceed the upper limit for up to 100 words (5%). The reference list is not included in the word count.

  1. “Economic globalisation has had a positive impact on the world”. To what extent do you agree with this statement? You may wish to explore the following reasons for supporting (or not) this statement: the impact of international trade and/or the role of TNCs on poverty levels; income inequality; job creation (and losses); the environment; and labour conditions.
  • “Cultural globalisation really means Americanisation of the world’s cultures”. To what extent do you agree with this statement? You may wish to explore the following reasons for supporting (or not) this statement: the popularity of American ‘cultural products’ (e.g., Hollywood movies and fast food chains); government policies to protect the official language and other national culture elements; and cases of cultural hybridization in food, music and other national cultural elements.
  1. “Global governance solutions to environmental problems are likely to fail”. To what extent do you agree with this statement? You may wish to explore the following reasons for supporting (or not) this statement: the economic gains (for TNCs and/or States) of activities that are damaging the environment; the interests of dominant States; and the role of epistemic communities and transnational social movements on global solutions.







The structure of the essay should contain the three basic elements: introduction, main body and conclusion but do not separate them into sections with subheadings:



  • Brief background on the topic of the essay
  • Define key terms in the question or title of the essay
  • Thesis statement


Main body 

  • Support for the thesis statement (Argument)
  • Objection(s) (Counter argument)
  • Response to objection(s) (Refutation)



  • Summary of the argument


The type of essay is argumentative, that is, you are expected to provide a short answer to the question (also called thesis statement) and then justify this answer using relevant and reliable sources. The thesis statement must contain at least 2 reasons for giving that answer to the question (topics of main body or proofs).[1] Each reason must be supported by a brief discussion of at least one academic source (supporting point). The more sources (supporting points) given for each reason (topic of main body), the stronger the argument would be.

The essay should also address objections to the argument (counter argument) and provide a brief response to those objections (refutation). An objection may be given for each point of the argument but it is also acceptable to present one or a few general objections after presenting the argument. The objections must also be supported by at least one source.

You are advised to use the following Essay Outline to organize your work:




Background information:

Key term(s) definition(s): 

Thesis Statement:


Topic of main body 1:

Supporting points:


Topic of main body 2:

Supporting points:





Summary of the argument


Reference List


Appendix (optional)



For more guidance on writing essays and the different kinds of essay question, you may find the following links useful:


The suggested font for the document is Arial or Times New Roman, with a font size of 12pt and a line spacing of 1.5 lines –except for the list of references, which should have a line spacing of 1 line and with a ‘hanging’ indentation.




All references must be relevant, reliable and in English. There is no minimum number of references. A wide range of sources must be used to support the argument—i.e., do not rely exclusively on your textbooks and online sources but include academic journal articles and book chapters. The information selected from the sources has to be explicitly relevant to the point of the argument that is meant to support. In-text citations must match the list of references.

In-text citations and the list of references must follow the APA style.  The list of references must follow an alphabetical order at the end of the essay. Do not use bullet points or numbers. For guidance on how write in-text citations and a list of references according to the APA style, use the University of Sheffield online tutorial.





You do not need to provide graphs, maps, diagrams, tables or any other form of visual representation of information. However, if you decide to do so, you must make sure to:

  • Use no more than 3 graphs or other form of visual representations of information.
  • Explain in the text what the graph is showing and how it supports the point you are making.
  • Number them and give each a title e.g., “Figure 1. Trade as percentage of GDP in some developing countries (1930-2010)”.
  • All graphs (or any other forms of visual representations of information) must be placed in an Appendix section at the end of the essay (after the list of references).
  • In the text, refer to the graph by its number, e.g.: “Figure 1 shows … (see Appendix)”.
  • Make sure you provide full information of the source. If the figure is an image, before inserting it in the Appendix, create a table with one column and three rows. Write the title in the first row, insert the figure in the second row, and write the source in the third row. E.g.:


Figure 1. [Title]

[Insert graph here]





[1] Review your AES module guidelines on how to write an argumentative essay. The Final Essay folder in My Assessments has links to other useful sources.