Final Exam


Question 1

Down syndrome is the clinical manifestation of trisomy ___.

Question options:

1) 13

2) 15

3) 18

4) 21

Question 2

In Edwards syndrome, which of the following statements is true?

Question options:

1) Edwards syndrome is more common than Down syndrome

2) Most affected infants with Edwards syndrome die during the first year of life

3) Edwards syndrome is unlikely to cause developmental disability

4) Edwards syndrome is associated with elevated AFP

Question 3

Examples of neural tube defects include all of the following except:

Question options:

1) anencephaly

2) spina bifida

3) encephalocele

4) omphalocele.

Question 4

Which of the following is often reported by anxious patients?

Question options:

1) constipation

2) muscle tension

3) hive-form skin lesions

4) somnolence

Question 5

A 24-year-old woman presents with a 1-week history of thin, green-yellow vaginal discharge with perivaginal irritation. Physical examination findings include vaginal erythema with petechial hemorrhages on the cervix, numerous white blood cells, and motile organisms on microscopic examination. These findings most likely represent:

Question options:

1) motile sperm with irritative vaginitis

2) trichomoniasis

3) bacterial vaginosis

4) condyloma acuminatum