First Exam – Philosophy 5


  • You will have 24 hours to complete this exam. It is due by 10AM October 17th.
  • The exam is open book, which means you may review the readings, and lectures, and your notes.
  • Please refrain from working together. This should be an individual effort.
  • Write your responses in a new document. Make sure you clearly label your responses.
  • Answers should be no longer than two paragraphs each.
  • Submit your completed exam to your own discussion section’s iLearn page.
  • YOUR WORK WILL BE CHECKED FOR PLAGIARISM. Any plagiarism will result in an automatic F for the entire course.


  1. First, explain the views of both Mencius and Xunzi. Second, discuss the role thought and reflection play in both views.


  1. What is the definition of Evil for this course? Explain the significance of each word in that definition.



  1. Explain the differences between “dispositionalism” and “situationism.” Using at least two examples from class (from either lectures or readings), explain which view you find most persuasive. You may not use Milgram as one of your two examples.


  1. Summarize the general history of lynching in the U.S. as described in class and the readings, including its frequency, the attitudes of typical White perpetrators and the White press, the nature of the alleged crimes of the victims, and the typical behavior of the mobs. Discuss how this influences your thinking about the debate between Mencius and Xunzi.



  1. First, describe the Milgram experiment in detail. Second, describe three ways in which Milgram tried varying the experiment and what effect, if any, the variation had on rates of obedience, and discuss how these results impact your views on human nature.