Instructions Sheet

Instructions Sheet

For Question 1, please record a 5 – 8 minute video providing your analysis of the scenario provided using an ethical theory and the ACS code of professional conduct.

For Question 2, please provide answers in this document in the space provided.

Upload both your video (or a link to your video) and this word document to the unit Moodle site by the due date.

Ensure you include references to academic sources under the answer to each question where appropriate.

TOTAL 50 MARKS
GENERAL QUESTIONS
Answer ALL questions in this part.

Question 1 20 Marks

Scenario:
Imagine you’re the Director of Marketing for a cutting-edge robotics firm, Bluebank Robotics. Inspired by the writings of science fiction author Isaac Asimov, and films based on his work such as Bicentennial Man and iRobot, five years ago your organisation released a fully programable anthropomorphic (human-like) robot designed to look and feel like a human being. Although programmed to follow Asimov’s three laws, the robot is otherwise not ‘smart’ and is instead programmed by the user. It was a great success, making your organisation top in the industry / millions of dollars.
However, now several years after the robots introduction, consumers have started to find ways to program the robot to complete emergent tasks that are outside its original programming. These include completing criminal acts such as carjacking, as well as being programmed for passionate and sexual acts. There is even a story of one customer living with a robot as his girlfriend! The media recently reported on this trend and this forced a meeting between yourself, the director of HR (DHR) and the chief financial officer (CFO). In discussing this issue, the DHR was concerned that the robot committing these acts raised issues of accountability and consent (who is responsible if the robot does illegal acts?), but the CFO argued that choices made by customers on how to use our robot should not force us to limit it in a way that might cost us money.
You decide to consider the scenario and come to a concrete recommendation that you can use for marketing about the likely ethical outcomes of using the technology, based on your understanding of workable ethical theories. Answer all of the following sub-questions based on the above scenario, using the following approaches:
Analysis 1: Kantianism OR Utilitarianism (Act or Rule) OR Social Contract Theory OR Virtue Ethics
Analysis 2: ACS Code of Ethics / Code of Professional Conduct (see here: https://www.acs.org.au/content/dam/acs/rules-and-regulations/Code-of-Professional-Conduct_v2.1.pdf)
Question 1 continued over page
Question 1 (continued)

Select one of the four ethical theories and analyse the above scenario to provide a recommendation. Clearly state any assumptions you make during your analysis. (7 marks)

Use the ACS code of ethics/code of professional conduct to analyse the same scenario to provide a recommendation. Clearly state any assumptions you make during your analysis. (7 marks)

Compare the two approaches that you selected in sub-question (a) and (b). What are the strengths/weaknesses of each? Do they recommend the same action in this scenario? Will they recommend the same action in general, or could they recommend conflicting actions? In your opinion, which of the two selected approaches is the best for analysing ethical and social issues in ICT? (6 marks)

Record a 5 – 8 minute video answering the above questions and upload it to Moodle. Provide any references or notes for your video in the box below. If you need to provide a link to your video, paste it here.

Question 2 30 Marks

Consider legal issues.

What is a defence export control? Briefly explain the two types of defence export control. Explain why this is an issue for ICT professionals. (6 marks)

Consider intellectual property.

Define fair use and fair dealing and explain the difference between these two approaches. Explain the case for fair use/dealing, and why somebody might be for or against this argument. (6 marks)

Consider artificial intelligence.

Explain the approach for computer vision and speech recognition for robots. Why do ICT researchers put such a focus on perfecting these technologies? Give an example of each to support your arguments. (6 marks)

Consider privacy.

Explain the four approaches to enhancing privacy over the Internet as implemented in the ICT industry. Provide two examples, one highlighting the benefits of these technologies, and one highlighting the risks. (6 marks)

Consider the workforce.

Provide two examples of changes to the workplace that have been driven by technology. For each change, outline the benefits and risks to the workplace, using your example to illustrate your point. (6 marks)

– End of Paper –