Psychopathology

Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders; Medication-Induced Movement Disorders

Psychotic disorders and schizophrenia are some of the most complicated and challenging diagnoses in the DSM. The symptoms of psychotic disorders may appear quite vivid in some patients; with others, symptoms may be barely observable. Additionally, symptoms may overlap among disorders. For example, specific symptoms, such as neurocognitive impairments, social problems, and illusions may exist in patients with schizophrenia but are also contributing symptoms for other psychotic disorders.

For individuals with disorders such as schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, the development of mental disorder seldom occurs with a singular, defining symptom. Rather, many who experience such disorders show a range of unique symptoms. This range of symptoms may impede an individual’s ability to function in daily life. As a result, clinicians address a patient’s ability or inability to function in life.

For this Assignment, you will analyze a case study related to schizophrenia, another psychotic disorder, or a medication-induced movement disorder.

· Review the Learning Resources and consider the insights they provide about assessing and diagnosing psychotic disorders. Consider whether experiences of psychosis-related symptoms are always indicative of a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Think about alternative diagnoses for psychosis-related symptoms.

· Download the Comprehensive Psychiatric Evaluation Template, which you will use to complete this Assignment. Also review the Comprehensive Psychiatric Evaluation Exemplar to see an example of a completed evaluation document.

· video case study to use for this Assignment and “Case History Reports” document, keeping the requirements of the evaluation template in mind.

· Consider what history would be necessary to collect from this patient.

· Consider what interview questions you would need to ask this patient.

· Identify at least three possible differential diagnoses for the patient.

This assignment explores psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia. You also explore medication-induced movement disorders and formulate a diagnosis for a patient in a case study.

Objectives

 

· Apply concepts, theories, and principles related to patient interviewing, diagnostic reasoning, and recording patient information

· Formulate differential diagnoses using DSM-5 criteria for patients with schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders, and medication-induced movement disorders across the life span

 

 

“Case History Reports”

Training Title 9

Name: Ms. Nijah Branning

Gender: female

Age: 25 years old T- 98.4 P- 80 R 18 128/78 Ht 5’0 Wt 120lbs

Background: Raised by parents, lives alone in Santa Monica, CA. Only child. Works in office supply sales, has a bachelor’s in business degree. Has medical history of hypothyroidism, currently treated with daily levothyroxine. Guarded and declined to discuss past psychiatric history. Denied family mental health issues, declined to allow you to speak to parents for collaborative information. Allergies: medical tape; menses regular Symptom Media. (Producer). (2016). Training title 9 [Video]. https://video-alexanderstreetcom.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/watch/training-title-9

video case study

(transcript)

 

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00:00:00TRANSCRIPT OF VIDEO FILE:

00:00:00______________________________________________________________________________

00:00:00BEGIN TRANSCRIPT:

00:00:00[sil.]

00:00:15OFF CAMERA Ms. Branning, Mr. Nehring asked suggested you see me. He said your having some issues at work.

00:00:20MS. BRANNING You could call them that.

00:00:20OFF CAMERA What kind of difficulty are you having at work?

00:00:25MS. BRANNING Well Mr. Nehring wants to fire me.

00:00:30OFF CAMERA Why do you think Mr. Nehring wants to fire you?

00:00:30MS. BRANNING Because Eric is in love with me. And it’s probably getting in the way. And he wants to fire me.

00:00:40OFF CAMERA Who is Eric?

00:00:40MS. BRANNING Eric is my supervisor.

00:00:45OFF CAMERA Are the two of you in a relationship?

00:00:45MS. BRANNING No! Eric has his own girlfriend, I have my own boyfriend. But Mr. Nehring got it in his head that this is my fault. And they’ve been ganging up against me.

00:01:00OFF CAMERA What happened to make you feel this way?

00:01:00MS. BRANNING Eric is lustful for me. Lust. Lustful.

00:01:10OFF CAMERA Well has Eric done anything inappropriate?

00:01:10MS. BRANNING No, he doesn’t have to.

00:01:15OFF CAMERA What do you mean?

00:01:15MS. BRANNING Well, he has this way of walking toward me and he gives me the easiest assignments to do and he asks me to voice my opinion a lot in our weekly meetings. And I’m beautiful. I mean, not to be boastful or anything but I’m a strong woman. And people are attracted to that. And others, like Mr. Nehring feel threatened by it. He probably feels I could replace him in a couple years. And I could.

00:01:45OFF CAMERA But there have been no instances of sexual harassment.

00:01:50MS. BRANNING No. And now they want to fire me, and it’s probably because they don’t want me to get in the way of their day. I’m probably a distraction or something.

00:02:00OFF CAMERA According to Mr. Nehring you haven’t made a sale in three weeks.

00:02:05MS. BRANNING Oh, it’s been a slow time period. I guess it wouldn’t be bad thing if they fired me. I mean after all of this, all the bad it’s done for my health. You know I should really sue for discrimination, you know the stress and the health problems.

00:02:25OFF CAMERA You’ve been having health problems?

00:02:25MS. BRANNING Yes. Yes. It keeps getting worse.

00:02:30OFF CAMERA Can you describe it for me?

00:02:30MS. BRANNING Well you know there’s this pain in my neck, it aches, it spreads to my back, I think there’s a lump, right here. I’m really worried.

00:02:55OFF CAMERA And what do you feel is the cause?

00:02:55MS. BRANNING I told you, pain, suffering, broken heart. I think it’s cancer.

00:03:05OFF CAMERA Have you been seen by a doctor?

00:03:10MS. BRANNING No. But it’s probably cancer. And it’s slowly killing me. And it’s all because of them. And Eric’s obsession with me.

00:03:20OFF CAMERA Ms Branning, I don’t think you have to worry, a broken heart can’t cause cancer.

00:03:25MS. BRANNING You never know until it happens.

00:03:30[sil.]

00:03:30END TRANSCRIPT

 

 

Complete a Comprehensive Psychiatric Evaluation, including your differential diagnosis and critical-thinking process to formulate a primary diagnosis. Incorporate the following into your responses in the template:

· Subjective: What details did the patient provide regarding their chief complaint and symptomology to derive your differential diagnosis? What is the duration and severity of their symptoms? How are their symptoms impacting their functioning in life?

· Objective: What observations did you make during the psychiatric assessment?

· Assessment: Discuss the patient’s mental status examination results. What were your differential diagnoses? Provide a minimum of three possible diagnoses with supporting evidence, listed in order from highest priority to lowest priority. Compare the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for each differential diagnosis and explain what DSM-5 criteria rules out the differential diagnosis to find an accurate diagnosis. Explain the critical-thinking process that led you to the primary diagnosis you selected. Include pertinent positives and pertinent negatives for the specific patient case.

· Reflection notes: What would you do differently with this client if you could conduct the session over? Also include in your reflection a discussion related to legal/ethical considerations (demonstrate critical thinking beyond confidentiality and consent for treatment!), health promotion and disease prevention taking into consideration patient factors (such as age, ethnic group, etc.), PMH, and other risk factors (e.g., socioeconomic, cultural background, etc.).

 

You are required to include at least evidence based peer-reviewed journal articles or evidenced based guidelines which relates to this case to support your diagnostics and differentials diagnoses. Be sure to use correct APA 6th edition formatting.

 

Required Readings (Resources)

 

 

American  Psychiatric Association. (2013). Medication-induced movement disorders and other adverse effects of medication. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed., pp. 709–714). Author.

 

 

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm02

 

Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2015). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry (11th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.

· Chapter 7, Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders

· Chapter 29.2, Medication Induced-Movement Disorders

· Chapter 31.15, Early-Onset Schizophrenia