Sociology Short Answer Questions

SOC 100: Take-Home Test#1 (20 Marks)

INSTRUCTIONS: This take-home test consists of two short-answer questions. You must answer both questions. Your responses must clearly explain concepts and theories in your own words, and in full sentence form. While the questions listed are not essay questions, your responses should be well articulated and in some detail. However, please do not provide a response that is more than one page, single-spaced, for each question.

When it comes to your work, be certain to properly cite any sentences or ideas that are not completely your own. For example, when you are explaining theories or concepts you need to cite the source, as you did not create these theories or concepts. If you do not properly cite information, then you will be viewed as plagiarising the work of another person. Plagiarism ─ as stated in the course outline ─ will automatically result in a grade of “F” for the test.

Feel free to use any citation method with which you are familiar. The one often used in sociology is fairly straightforward. For example, if you are quoting, or paraphrasing something from your text or the lecture script, list the last name of the author, year of publication and the page number. So, take the following quote: “The earliest evidence of technology is traced back to the use of tools during the Stone Age…”(Quan-Haase, 2013:21). The citation is listed in brackets right after the quote, or paraphrased statement.

If you choose to do so, you may complete this test with someone else in the class, provided that you maintain social distancing protocols. If you do it in a virtual group, the group only needs to submit one paper with everyone’s full names listed at the top of the paper; do not use nicknames, or just your first name, as this creates unnecessary confusion.

E-mail your work to, which is my preferred e-mail address. Save your work as a PDF file or an MS Word document. You can even submit your response directly in an e-mail itself if you are concerned I will not be able to access your attachment.

The due date for this assignment is Monday, October 19, 2020; the specific time does not matter. Just try and submit it by October 19th. You are more than welcome to submit it early as well.

The test questions can be found on the next page below.


1) As a sociologist conducting research on society in 2020, you have noted that technological innovation, specifically in the realm of biotechnology, has progressed so rapidly that scientists can now clone organisms, potentially bring back extinct animals, and precisely manipulate the DNA of living creatures. As a result, society is having a difficult time dealing with the moral and ethical implications generated by such rapid scientific advancement. This is a great illustration of Cultural Lag, which was discussed in lecture#7.

Use ONE of the four foundational theories of sociology (i.e. Functionalism, Social Conflict Theory, Interactionism, and Feminist Theory) and the concept of Cultural Lag to interpret why the remarkable possibilities of genetic technology makes many people very uncomfortable. Be certain to first clearly explain the theory you have selected in your own words as much as possible, before highlighting your answer to the question (10 marks).

2) For a class project in research methods, you want to know what all students attending Camosun think about the quality of the food being served in the Lansdowne campus cafeteria. Since you don’t have the time or resources to interview every student registered at the College, you decide to interview a sample of 100 students. You stand at the main entrance to the Lansdowne campus and interview the students who pass by your location. After collecting data on 100 students, you analyze the data and find that 60% of students like the food in the cafeteria, 30% think the food is satisfactory and 10% don’t like the food.

A fellow student does an identical survey, but she decides to collect data by standing at the Hillside Street entrance to the College. She ends up interviewing 925 students that pass by her position. She discovers that 50% of those interviewed like the cafeteria food, 20% think the food is satisfactory, and 30% don’t like the food.

Based on the above information, clearly explain whether either of the two studies represents a true, scientific survey? In other words, would it be scientifically valid to generalize the results of one or both surveys to all students registered at Camosun College ─ yes or no? Be sure to clearly explain your answer in detail. (10 marks)