system development and data management systems

Welcome to ITEC150

Get to Know Each Other

Ice Breakers for Team Building

We need to comfortably interact with each other

The primarily objective of this unit is providing you with the technical and managerial knowledge to be able to comprehend the needs of modern businesses and to contribute effectively to a practical, reliable and applicable solution to address their needs
This unit gives you a unique opportunity to get involve in real world projects
Your Expected Workload
The expected workload per week for this unit consist of:

This unit is to be delivered through two types of personal face to face sessions:
2 hours of lecture
3 hour of tutorial (tutorial and project workshop) You are highly encouraged to attend all the face-to-face sessions as new topics will be presented and explained in detail weekly
You will be working in groups so, your contribution to the tutorial sessions is extremely important to be able to successfully complete the subject project for final assessment
Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to:
1. Explain business fundamentals and the main concepts of information systems
2. Identify and liaise with business stakeholders
3. Collect, analyse and document business requirements
4. Analyse and model information systems and design databases
5. Evaluate system user experience
6. Work in a team to design and communicate a solution to an authentic business problem
Graduate Signature Capabilities
SIBT programs are designed to develop a set of capabilities that will assist you in further studies or the workforce
1. Discipline Knowledge and Skills
2. Organisation Skills
3. Critical Thinking Skills
4. Collaboration Skills
5. Communication Skills
Graduate Signature Capabilities
To pass this unit successfully, you needed to:
 Acquire adequate discipline knowledge and skills
 Learn and practice some required organisation skills e.g. taking responsibility for planning and goal setting
 Gain enough critical thinking skills to be able to diagnose the case study problems and proposing and working towards the ultimate solution
 Learn and practice some collaboration skills to be able to work with others in groups successfully
 Improve your communication skills to be able to convey ideas and to be actively involved in making decisions regarding tools and technology selection
Prescribed and Recommended Reading
As this unit is based on team project that includes many aspects of:
 System Development
 Data Management and
 Project Management
There is no one specific text book that can be prescribed
A list of various text books/chapters and free online books are recommended for reading and referencing

The assessment of this subject is based on:
 Three individual in-Class tests (25%):
Week 4, 7 and 10 Weighting 5%, 10% and 10%
 One group-based case study project (75%):
First Submission in week5 Weighting 5%
Second Submission in week 7 Weighting 10%
Third Submission in week 9 Weighting 10%
Fourth Submission in week 11 Weighting 15%
Final Submission in week 13 Weighting 20%
Team Presentation in week 13 Weighting 15%
Collaborative Teamwork Performance “CTP”
During this course, team members will be assessed through a Peers Self-Assessment technique called CTP
 Each team member will assess other members for their contribution/participation every week
 Member’s assessment will be based on their attendance, contribution to their allocated tasks and also to their
collaboration with other team members
 A full detail of this technique and others will be presented during the first tutorial for reading and referencing

You are expected to read and comply with the SIBT
Academic Honesty Policy and the SIBT Code of Conduct These can both be found in the Policy Library on the SIBT website. This means that:
 All academic work claimed as original is the work of the author making the claim;
 All academic collaborations are acknowledged;
 Academic work is not fabricated in any way;
 When the ideas of others are used, these ideas are acknowledged appropriately;
 You are expected to behave honestly during tests

Make an appointment to see me outside class
Get to Know Each Other

 Education and work should be fun and enjoyable
 You are here to gain knowledge and experience for your future and not just to pass this subject
 You always have the right to suggest anything that may improve our way of working together
 Do not be just a Listener but rather be a Team Member
 Software Development is a team effort so,
This subject is designed to run in a very
Modern and Agile Manner
Class Expectations
 All unit materials are available on SIBT Moodle site
 Always view the lecture slides before the lecture
 During lecture, write down notes for your project
 You are expected to participate in lectures & tutorials
 Attempt to solve your tutorial exercise for discussion
 Ask any question, any time and remember, there is no such thing as a stupid question
 Promptness is important
 You are expected to carry out some research in your own time with the help of your lecturer/tutor
Teamwork and Participation
A Group Discussion for Creative Thinking
 This subject is based on teamwork (groups)
 You are expected to participate in your group work
 Establish rules for participation during your team meetings (here and outside)
 Respect each-others’ opinions
 Participants should not be criticized or disputed
 Must gain a consensus by all participants
Workshop/Meetings Guidelines
 Exchange your contact details and times with your team members
 Setup meeting times that convenient to all members
 Prepare tools, worksheets, posters, devices…etc.
 Use the poster technique for creative thinking
 Informal agenda to encourage the flow of ideas
 Contact your team members for any unexpected changes
 Ask for a facilitator or a workshop chair if required
Workshop/Meetings Guidelines
 Always document the outcomes
 Set the agenda and objectives for the next meeting
 Allocate tasks to team members
 Discuss your completed work and/or any concerning issues with your lecturer/tutor on weekly basis
 Ask for work review and feedback before submission

First Tutorial/Workshop
 You can form your own groups, in which there should around 2-3 students per group
 Each group will play the role of a development team! for the subject case study
 As a system analyst, you would be working towards producing a Software Requirements Specifications document (SRS) to cover the level of analysis and design
 Each team member will play a different role within the team such as Group Leader, Admin Assistance, Quality
Assurance and Domain Expert

Learning Objectives for Week 1
The Pre-Requisite Knowledge
 The Importance of Information Systems “IS” in Modern Businesses
 Align Information Systems with Business Objectives
 The Role of IS in Solving Business Problems and/or
Achieve Business Improvements
 Information Systems and Software Development
 People and Teamwork
The Pre-Requisite Knowledge
ITEC101 or ITEC105
 Information and Information Systems
 Organisations and Business Processes
 Management Information Systems (MIS) and Business
Information Systems (BIS)
 Importance of Information Systems
 People and Information Systems
 Elements of Information Systems
 Information Systems and Competitive Advantage
 Database Design and Processing
The Pre-Requisite Knowledge
ITEC101 or ITEC105
 Internet and web Technology
 Online Business
 E-commerce
 Internet Banking and Payment Gateway
 The Cloud Technology
 Information Security Management
 Information Systems Development and Management
 Software Development Lifecycle

 MIS refers to a computer-based system that provides managers with the tools to organize, evaluate and efficiently manage departments within an organization
 Provides efficiency and effectiveness of strategic decision making
 Consist of People, Hardware, Software, Databases, Tools,
Utilities and many Applications and Services
 Business Information Systems (BIS) is an exciting, fast-changing field. In today’s world
 BIS professionals are playing an important role in enabling organisations to meet their strategic goals, driving business innovation, and assisting businesses to comply with increasingly complex legal requirements
Information System “IS”
A collection of people, processes, data, models and technology that together form a coherent structure which serves some organisational purpose or function
Every system has a specific objective or purpose
Effective and reliable systems are developed with close involvement of all stakeholders
Components of Information Systems
People All computer specialists and end users (stakeholders)
Hardware All the physical aspects of the system
Software programs and utilities to organize, process and analyse data
Database organize and store information with secure access
Network technology and media connecting all IS components for sharing Procedures describe how specific data are processed and analysed in order to get the answers for which the information system is designed
Rules and Constraints comply with various mandatory governmental regulations, legislations and business rules
The Role of Information Systems
 Transform business raw data into useful information
 Store business information in secure and safe databases
 Process and operate daily tasks more accurate and easier
 Support operations, management, coordination and decision making
 Achieve corporate goals including market competitive advantage
Align Information Systems with Businesses Objectives
 Operational excellence
 Improvement of efficiency to attain higher profitability
 New products, services, and business models
 Enabled by technology
 Customer and supplier caring
 Serving customers raises revenues and profits
 Better communication with suppliers lowers costs
 Improved decision making
 More accurate data leads to better decisions
 Competitive advantage
 Delivering better performance
 Charging less for superior products and services
 Responding to customers and supplier in real time

 Information Technology provide the technical foundation and tools to build Information Systems similar to the material and tools used to build a house
Data, Information and Knowledge
 Data is a collection of raw facts but are not organized in any way
 Data examples: price, customer, product
 Information is some structured representation of analysed data that has meaning in some context
 Information example: a list of products ordered by customers within a period
 KnowledgeKnow-how,
understanding, experience, insight and deliver solutions

Group Discussion
From a University Management Information System
Student, Lecturer, Tutor, Admin,
Subject, Enrolment, Fees,
Lecture, Tutorial, Practical,
Exam, Quiz, Assignment,
Contact number, Time, Date,
Lecture room, Student card,
Student No.,
Business Information Systems
Software Development

Software System refers to an organised set of computer programs and configuration files that is designed to perform specific tasks in order to provide particular set of services
The heart and soul of any Information System
Software systems are everywhere
They affect many aspects of our daily lives
Our experience of software use can often be disappointing and frustrating if it does not work well or if it does not work at all

 A set of activities performed by IT professionals, system developers, with a close involvement of customers and end users to transform user’s needs into a software solution that satisfies those needs, aka software system
 Software development may include developing a new software or modification, reuse or reengineering of an existing software

Human Factors in Modern Business
Human factors play a vital role in the survival of modern organizations
‘working in teams’ is a concept that positively relates to the task of managing the human factors within organizations through team building activities
“working in teams” has become an important aspect in modern organisations due to its significant responsibility for business continuation and market survival

The term ‘team’ or ‘working team’ is a concept pertaining to the task of getting a number of individuals with diverse
skills working together towards a common purpose
A collection of individuals thriving to accomplish a common goal for a set of tasks
A number of people that are dedicated to a common purpose who are mutually accountable for the work they produce
The Importance of Teamwork
Teamwork has been the focus of a great deal of research, spanning diverse disciplines from business management to psychology
Teams are increasingly used to improve corporate performance and enhance quality of work life
Advantages of Working in Teams
A solution for many organisational needs including boosting productivity, enhancing performance and improving quality
Bring individuals together and utilise their skills, knowledge and experience
in order to achieve a set of objectives for a common purpose
Software Development and Teamwork
 IT organisations are paying much attention to the people side of software engineering as a result of realizing the importance of managing working teams during software development projects
 working teams with their diversity of skills and talents may assist their organisation in planning and managing changes effectively simply because,
‘diversity in teams yields creative results’

 Team Organisation
 Organisational change and team diversity support
 Team members and business collaboration
 Knowledge sharing
 Innovation development
 Agile team
 Creativity through critical thinking and design
 Decision making and conflict resolution
 Collaborative teams and contemporary social networking communication