Virtual Communication in Project Teams – Essay Assignment

ENGG1863 – Virtual Communication in Project Teams – Essay Assignment

Due: 25th of April 2021 at 11:59 pm AEST
Where: TurnitIn on Canvas
Submission Type: Soft copy only (docx, or pdf)
Marks: 25% of Final Grade
Maximum Words: 2,000 words (excluding Cover Page & References)

1. Details

This essay assignment requires you to think and write critically about virtual communication in project teams. The main purpose of this essay is for students (1) to conduct a thorough literature review and (2) to create a model of effective virtual project team communication that is justified by the literature review.

You can refer to Week 2 material for examples of communication models as well as the workshop activity where they built your own models of communication (you can also take a look at the Discussion Boards Week 2 and the submissions there) . However, you should not use the models discussed in Week 2 as your primary source of research.  Instead,  peer-reviewed journals and articles in project management (accessible through the university database Links to an external site.and google scholarLinks to an external site.) should be used to develop your model.

For this essay, you will need to identify your research question and your underlying argument.  For example, you may focus on creating a model that focuses on virtual project teams in a specific industry, or on the role of emotional intelligence in virtual project team communication. You can also choose to focus on a specific type of project team (e.g. effective communication in construction project teams or agile project teams).  Remember, to create your model  you will need to conduct extensive research (i.e. academic, conference, and/or journals papers as well as industry white papers, standards, etc.) on your chosen topic. During your research you will find out the factors that are important for your chosen topic. These will go beyond mere source, receiver, noise, and feedback; they may include things like trust, collaboration, expertise, interpersonal relationships etc.  Please ensure that you do not make up your model and that you support and justify it by research.

As you conduct more research on your topic, your knowledge may exceed the material that is covered in the workshops. This assignment is not only designed for you to study your chosen topic in great depth, but to also develop your critical thinking and writing skills.

2. Useful references

The following references may help you to get started with your research phase. Please note that you should find your own sources as well.

  • Barczak, G., Lassk, F., & Mulki, J. (2010). Antecedents of team creativity: An examination of team emotional intelligence, team trust and collaborative culture. Creativity and Innovation Management19(4), 332-345.
  • Daim, T. U., Ha, A., Reutiman, S., Hughes, B., Pathak, U., Bynum, W., & Bhatla, A. (2012). Exploring the communication breakdown in global virtual teams. International Journal of Project Management30(2), 199-212.
  • Gratton, L., & Erickson, T. J. (2007). Eight ways to build collaborative teams. Harvard business review85(11), 100.
  • Hambley, L. A., O’Neill, T. A., & Kline, T. J. (2007). Virtual team leadership: The effects of leadership style and communication medium on team interaction styles and outcomes. Organizational behavior and human decision processes103(1), 1-20.
  • Katzenbach, J. R., & Smith, D. K. (2005). The discipline of teams. Harvard Business Review83(7), 162.
  • Malhotra, A., Majchrzak, A., & Rosen, B. (2007). Leading virtual teams. Academy of Management perspectives21(1), 60-70.
  • Montoya, M. M., Massey, A. P., Hung, Y. T. C., & Crisp, C. B. (2009). Can you hear me now? Communication in virtual product development teams. Journal of Product Innovation Management26(2), 139-155.
  • Müller, R., & Turner, J. R. (2007). Matching the project manager’s leadership style to project type. International journal of project management25(1), 21-32.
  • Ochieng, E. G., & Price, A. D. F. (2010). Managing cross-cultural communication in multicultural construction project teams: The case of Kenya and UK. International Journal of Project Management28(5), 449-460.
  • Shachaf, P. (2008). Cultural diversity and information and communication technology impacts on global virtual teams: An exploratory study. Information & Management45(2), 131-142.
  • Shore, B. (2008). Systematic biases and culture in project failures. Project Management Journal39(4), 5-16.

3. Referencing and referencing tools

Although you may use any referencing tools (e.g. Zotero.org), Endnotes is highly recommended as it is available for free from the university’s library. Refer to http://libguides.library.usyd.edu.au/endnoteLinks to an external site. for further information and software download.

Please use the APA referencing style (see: http://libguides.library.usyd.edu.au/c.php?g=508212&p=3476096Links to an external site.).

Please include at least 7 peer-reviewed references in your essay.

4. Essay writing resources

Make sure that you use the material provided in Modules 4. The essay writing guide on that page will help you in structuring your essay correctly. The following websites are helpful for writing effective essays:

On writing clearly:

http://iwrite.sydney.edu.au/ENGINEERING/Writing-Clearly/Writing-Clearly-intro.htmlLinks to an external site.

On writing a proper essay:

http://sydney.edu.au/stuserv/learning_centre/help/writing/writing.shtmlLinks to an external site.

5.     Writing & formatting

  • Use Times New Roman 11 point font, single-spaced.
  • Page setup: A4 size, Portrait, Margin space of 2cm top, bottom, left, and right.
  • Maximum words allowed in this assignment: 2,000 words (excluding Cover sheet & References).

6.     Text matching software

Please note, as specified in the UoS outline, a text matching software such as TurnitIn will be used to identify potential plagiarism. In extreme cases, plagiarism could cause you to fail this unit. For this reason, you should always paraphrase in your own words and use appropriate citation and references where applicable.

 

Academic honesty

While the University is aware that the vast majority of students and staff act ethically and honestly, it is opposed to and will not tolerate academic dishonesty or plagiarism and will treat all allegations of dishonesty seriously.

Further information on academic honesty, academic dishonesty, and the resources available to all students can be found on the academic integrity pages on the current students website: https://sydney.edu.au/students/academic-integrity.html.

Further information for on research integrity and ethics for postgraduate research students and students undertaking research-focussed coursework such as Honours and capstone research projects can be also be found on the current students website: https://sydney.edu.au/students/research-integrity-ethics.html.

Compliance statement

In submitting this work, I acknowledge I have understood the following:

  • I have read and understood the University of Sydney’s Academic Honesty in Coursework Policy 2015.
  • The work is substantially my own and where any parts of this work are not my own I have indicated this by acknowledging the source of those parts of the work and enclosed any quoted text in quotation marks.
  • The work has not previously been submitted in part or in full for assessment in another unit unless I have been given permission by my unit of study coordinator to do so.
  • The work will be submitted to similarity detection software (Turnitin) and a copy of the work will be retained in Turnitin’s paper repository for future similarity checking. Note: work submitted by postgraduate research students for research purposes is not added to Turnitin’s paper repository.
  • Engaging in plagiarism or academic dishonesty in coursework will, if detected, lead to the University commencing proceedings under the Academic Honesty in Coursework Policy 2015and the Academic Honesty Procedures 2016.
  • Engaging in plagiarism or academic dishonesty in research-focussed work will lead to the University commencing proceedings under the Research Code of Conduct 2013and the Academic Honesty Procedures 2016.
  • Engaging another person to complete part or all of the submitted work will, if detected, lead to the University commencing proceedings against me for potential student misconduct under the University of Sydney (Student Discipline) Rule 2016.

Rubric

Individual Essay Rubric (1)

Individual Essay Rubric (1)

Criteria

Ratings Pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStructure & Organisation
30 to >26.0 pts

Outstanding

Structure and organisation (intro/conclusion, proposition and support) are fully appropriate and effective for the topic; presentation of ideas extremely clear and coherent, supporting strong line of argument.

26 to >19.0 pts

Good

Structure and organisation (intro/conclusion, proposition and support) are generally appropriate and related to the topic; presentation of ideas generally coherent and supporting a clear line of argument.

19 to >8.0 pts

Average

Poor or incomplete structure and organisation (intro/conclusion, proposition and support) that may not be adequately related to the topic; sequencing of ideas may lack logic and there may be no clear line or argument.

8 to >0 pts

Poor

No clear and coherent structure or organisation evident.

30 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeCritical Analysis
20 to >17.0 pts

Outstanding

The essay is objective and addresses with an in-depth analysis all the issues referred to in the proposed topic. The information provided is necessary and sufficient for the discussion and there is evidence of sound supporting research. Introduces and establishes thesis for one or more novel idea(s) with theoretical basis. Suitable for a journal paper standard.

17 to >13.0 pts

Good

The essay is objective and for the most part addresses with an in-depth analysis most of the issues referred to in the proposed topic. The information provided is necessary and sufficient for the discussion and there is evidence of supporting research. Introduces one or more novel idea(s). Suitable for a conference paper standard.

13 to >8.0 pts

Average

The essay is not entirely objective and only partially addressed with little depth of analysis most of the issues referred to in the proposed topic. The information provided is only just adequate for the discussion and there is little evidence of supporting research.

8 to >0 pts

Poor

The essay is not objective and poorly or inadequately addresses the issues referred to in the proposed topic. The information provided is either not necessary or not adequate for the discussion and there is no evidence of supporting research.

20 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWritten Expression
30 to >24.0 pts

Outstanding

Well written from start to finish without spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors. Well organised, clarity of ideas and a strong line of argument presented coherently. This essay demonstrates effective sentence constructions. The author pays a lot of attention to the use of language and omits ineffective words.

24 to >18.0 pts

Good

Well written for the most part, with few, if any, spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors. Generally, well organised, clarity of ideas, with a strong line of argument presented coherently. Sentences are generally structured well. The author generally pays attention to the use of words and omits needless, vague language.

18 to >6.0 pts

Average

Not particularly well written but still relatively easy to read with some spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors that are distracting. Sequencing of ideas may lack logic and the line of argument may be unclear. Most sentences are not structured well. There is some use of nominalisations and/or ineffective/vague words.

6 to >0 pts

Poor

Not well written. Contains many spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors. This essay does not present ideas in a coherent way. Sentences are not structured well. There are many nomilisations and/or ineffective/vague use of language.

30 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeUse of Sources
20 to >16.0 pts

Outstanding

All references used are relevant and of good/scholarly quality. The references are used effectively. All reference sources used are correctly cited in-text and in the reference list in the appropriate referencing style.

16 to >12.0 pts

Good

Most of the references used are relevant and of good/scholarly quality. The references are used, in most cases, effectively. Most reference sources used are correctly cited in-text and in the reference list in the appropriate referencing style.

12 to >6.0 pts

Average

Only minimal use (if made) of references and/or those used are not relevant and/or of poor or non-scholarly quality. Reference sources used not always correctly cited in-text and in the bibliography/reference list using the appropriate referencing style.

6 to >0 pts

Poor

Sources may not be used or may be incorrectly cited or not referenced.

20 pts
Total Points: 100