What are the benefits of learning a foreign language ?
In what ways does speaking foreign language promote students understanding global citizenship?
Is it necessary to speak a foreign language to be a global citizen?
Benefits – what does this mean? Benefit who ? benefit society?
Learning a foreign language – who? Age? Where?
Promote – encourage ? enhance?
Understanding of global citizenship- what does global citizenship mean? Does it mean different things in different societies – the west? China?
Necessary – is it key? Vital? Essential?
LINKING foreign langaguage skill to being global citizen – question is that necessary – needed- essential – key – vital.
Funnel – start big/wide –
Then focus in on your study – linking langage and global cit.
Planning the plan: 2500
Chapter 2: Literature Review
2.1Intro – what are you including in this chapter – 200 words
2.2 what is global citizenship – what do previous studies say it is – what does the literature say it is
2.3 – what does the literature say is the benefits of learning a second language – start by the general positives – then link it to your research – linking language and global citizenship
2.4. literature that says it is necessary and some that says not – if you can find it.
Left about 2100 – sharing that out
Conclusion – summary of what you have presented and some sentences of how it relates to YOUR project. 200 words
|Chapter 2||Context/literature review||21%||2,500|
Chapter 2: Context/literature review
This should outline the findings and/or issues raised by other writings relevant to putting your study in its context. It should also consider any relevant contextual information concerning the context in which the research was conducted. Note the word ‘relevant’; only discuss studies that help your research question(s). Do not just summarise (or list) all the work you know of, for example, language teaching methods. In some cases, you can use the literature survey to help you identify useful research questions. In this case, you end the chapter by listing them.
Mark between 60-69
A good grasp of relevant literature is demonstrated and the literature reviewed is occasionally linked to the rationale for the research conducted, though the relevance of some sections may be unclear. Relevant concepts are explained and some details about relevant previous research are discussed. Literature support is integrated into the overall argument to an extent. A good level of criticality is demonstrated, although there may be occasional lapses.
Mark between 50-59
A fair account of relevant literature is included, although some concepts may be omitted or misrepresented. Details about previous relevant research are included to a limited extent. The link between the literature reviewed and the study conducted are not explicitly stated, and literature support may not be integrated into the overall argument. Some criticality is present, although this may be limited and the literature may be taken at face value.
According to Carlson, Gerhards and Hans (2017), language is a get way to another culture, and therefore it helps people to learn about other cultures in different parts of the world. Language is the best introduction to a new culture. It automatically makes you interested in the cultural traditions that are tied to learning a language. Of course, you can still learn about other cultures, but language learning really allows for a more immersive experience. Movies, literary works, books, these things are often the cultural products of a country or region. For example, most of the time, efforts at translation can’t fully capture the nuances conveyed in different languages. Even movie titles can get lost in translation. But multi-linguals can read new literature without translation, sing along to songs and actually understand the lyrics and watch foreign films without the need for pesky subtitles. Understanding foreign literature can also help you become a global citizen. With a new language, a whole new world will be open to you. Therefore, this indicates that globalisation has also promoted the individual languages in different parts of the world.
We live in a world where we meet people from different cultures all the time. Modern society is an interdependent society, even strangers, everyone is interdependent and coexist with each other. Today, problems in the economic, environmental, religious or political spheres are not just local problems; they are indeed global problems. In order to solve these complex problems faced by people in modern society, we need to overcome cultural differences so that we can communicate and cooperate with people who were previously unable to communicate because of cultural differences. To solve these complex global problems, we need to have a multi-cultural and international perspective (Abik, Roy, & Yao, Wenjia.,2014). Therefore, having the ability to communicate in different languages enables an individual to be a global citizen (Zein, 2019). Learning a language forces you to improve your listening skills and while making you look at your own language in a different way. People rarely give a second thought to how their native language works, but language learners are forced to be more conscious of grammatical rules and constructions of that language, which can give new insight into how they use their mother tongues. Knowing a second language also allows you to connect with more people and if you learn in a group setting, you’re automatically part of a larger community of language learners. For people, speaking other languages keeps them connected to family and friends who live in other parts of the world that don’t speak English. It is observed that through the learning of a second language it enables individuals to easily interact with people from different cultures easily thus enhancing an individual aspect of being a global citizen.
As a global citizen, we should also strive to eliminate cultural stereotypes and prejudices as much as possible (Wang Wenli, & Wang Jian. 2016). An important cause of cultural stereotypes and prejudices is the lack of understanding between people from different cultures. The way languages are formed and the local language, such as slang, can give us a good idea of the people who speak those languages. While learning a different language can give you a better understanding of cultural differences, you can also understand why those differences exist and the importance of respecting different cultures. Learning languages can inspire solidarity, tolerance and understanding, especially when refugees are denied help because of xenophobia and cultural prejudice. So learning a foreign language, in a way, helps you improve yourself as a global citizen.
Abik, Roy, & Yao, Wenjia. (2014). HansGeorg Gadamer’s Philosophical Hermeneutics and Global Citizen.Ethics and Public Affairs, (01, 2014), 92-98.
Carlson, S., Gerhards, J., & Hans, S. (2017). Educating children in times of globalisation: Class-specific child-rearing practices and the acquisition of transnational cultural capital. Sociology, 51(4), 749-765.
Wang Wenli, & Wang Jian (2016). American Multicultural Citizenship Education and Its Enlightenment to Chinese Citizenship Education.Contemporary Education and Culture, 8(1), 13-19.
Zein, S. (2019). English, multilingualism and globalisation in Indonesia. English Today, 35(1), 48-53.
- Download the guidance from the intranet
- Turn it in to a checklist guide – so that you know what you are doing in all sections and on layout etc.
- Re write your literature review section – use the plan above – it has to be 2500 words long – it has to be all about the literature and the previous studies that focus on YOUR research questions and topic. – SEND THIS TO PAULA BY 2ND OF JULY.
- NEXT – WE HAVE TO START PLANNING THE QUESTIONNAIRE – AFTER YOU HAVE SUBMITTED YOUR RESIT ON 24/6 – START TO READ AND WRITE YOUR DRAFT QUESTIONNAIRE.
- Look at the two books Judith Bell: Doing your research project: a guide to first time researchers in education, health and social scient. Martyn Denscombe: The Good Research Guide. Both in the library the Bell one is electronic. Both have good chapters on questionnaires and questions. Both useful to help you write and reference your methodology sections.
- Go back to your notes / the VLE videos etc from the Research Methods module to help you with your planning of the methodology section and the planning of your ‘research tools’.
- Use your reading from the Research Lit section to ‘craft’ and ‘influence’ your questionnaire or interview questions.
- Start to draft your questionnaire – email it to PAULA BY MONDAY 28TH JUNE
- OUR NEXT SUPERVISION IS ON TUESDAY 29TH JUNE AT 9.00 AND WE WILL NEED TO DISCUSS THE QUESTIONNAIRE AT THAT MEETING
- Continue to work on your Lit review – 2500 words – email it to Paula by 2nd
Leave all of this until our next meeting.
- Start to think about your methodology section:
Chapter 3: Methodology
This would generally contain the following sections:
- a brief restatement of the research questions and how they are to be addressed;
- a description of your participants (if applicable);
- a description of the method(s) and procedures used for the data collection, including their justification; AND INCLUDING A DESCRIPTION OF WHETHER AND HOW ETHICAL PROCEDURES WERE FOLLOWED;
- a description of the procedures and processes used to get from the data collected to the findings presented;
- statements about how you have tried to make your data accurate and believable, by overcoming data collection and analysis problems and by reducing bias. That is to say, you must discuss briefly the validation work you have done;
- this chapter must incorporate evidence of reading of methodological literature, through reference to published literature
Mark between 60-69
A research design is described which addresses the research questions. Its adoption is justified, with some discussion of possible alternatives and with reference to the research methods literature. Issues of sampling and sample size are thoughtfully discussed, though comments may not be entirely appropriate for the research method(s) used. The research instruments used are clearly described, and have no major design flaws. Ethical matters are discussed and explanations are provided as to how any ethical issues have been addressed. The research design is implemented satisfactorily. There is some retrospective evaluation of the study. Limitations are acknowledged , but the ways in which possible threats to validity/ credibility and reliability/ dependability have been minimised may be only superficial.
Mark between 50-59
A research design is presented which can go some way to answering the research question(s). Some attempt is made to explain and justify it, and issues of sampling and sample size are discussed, though not in an appropriate manner for the research method(s) used. Some information is presented on the research instruments used. There may be some technical shortcomings in these, and in the conduct of the research. Ethical matters are discussed, but this may be in a routine manner and important nuances may have been overlooked. Any retrospective evaluation of the study is brief and rather superficial. Some limitations are acknowledged, but there may not be any explanations as to how these have been addressed in order to maintain validity/ credibility and reliability/ dependability.